Learn With Us, Week of July 29

Planning Now for a Fall Harvest
Saturday, August 4, 10:00am – 12:00pm
For Garden’s Sake
9197 NC-751, Durham, NC 27713
Description:The approach of cooler temperatures bodes well for vegetable gardeners. Now that the tomatoes and squash are mere memories, we’ll replace them with the things that will make Thanksgiving special.
Also discussed will be overwintering vegetables and cover crops for your beds.

All events are free unless a fee is indicated. All events are hosted at Garden Center. Please register in advance as spots are limited. Email ann@fgsnursery.com or call Ann at 919-484-8759, ext. 100.

Fall Vegetable Gardening

August is the time to plan and plant for fall. The chart below, from an NCSU Extension publication (www.ces.ncsu.edu/hil/hil-8001.html) provides suggested planting dates for cool season vegetables in the piedmont area of NC.

Vegetables  Suggested Planting Suggested Cultivars Inches Between Plants Planting Depth (inches) Cold
Tolerance
Days to
Maturity
Asparagus (crowns) Nov. 15 to Mar. 15 Mary Washington, Jersey Giant, Jersey Gem 15 6.0 2 years
Beets July 15 to Aug. 15 Ruby Queen, Early Wonder, Red Ace, Pacemaker II 2 0.5 to 1.0 Semi-hardy 55 to 60
 Broccoli July 15 to Aug. 15 DeCicco, Packman, Premium Crop, Green Duke, Emperor 18 0.5 to 1.0 Hardy 70 to 80
Brussels sprouts July 1 to 15 Long Island Improved, Jade Cross Hybrid 20 0.5 to 1.0 Hardy 90 to 100
Cabbage (plants) Aug 1 to 15 Round Dutch, Early Jersey Wakefield, Red Express, Red Rookie, Sweetbase 12 0.5 to 1.0 Hardy 70 to 80
Cabbage, Chinese Aug. 1 to 15 Pak Choi, Mei Ching, Jade Pagoda, China Pride 12 0.5 to 1.0 Hardy 75-85
Carrots July 1 to 15 Danvers Half Long, Spartan Bonus, Little Finger, Thumbelina, Scarlet Nantes 2 0.25 to 0.5 Hardy 85 to 95
Cauliflower Aug 1 to 15 Early Snowball “A”, Violet Queen, Snowcrown 18 0.5 to 1.0 Semi-hardy 55 to 65
Collards July 15 to Aug. 15 Vates, Morris’ Improved Heading, Carolina, Blue Max 18 0.5 to 1.0 Hardy 60 to 100
Cucumbers, pickling Aug. 1 to 15 Carolina, Calypso, Liberty (mtns.), County Fair ’83 10 1.0 to 1.5 Tender 40 to 50
Cucumbers, slicing Aug. 1 to 15 Poinsett 76, Sweet Slice, County Fair ’83, Salad Bush, Fanfare 10 1.0 to 1.5 Tender 40 to 50
Kale Aug. 15 to Sept. 1 Green Curled Scotch, Early Siberian, Vates, Dwarf Blue Curled Scotch, Blue Knight 6 0.5 to 1.0 Hardy 40 to 50
Kohlrabi Aug. 1 to Sept. 1 White Vienna, Grand Duke Hybrid 4 0.5 to 1.0 Hardy 50 to 60
Lettuce (leaf) Aug. 1 to Sept. 1 Grand Rapids, Salad Bowl, Buttercrunch, Red Sails, Romulus 6 0.25 to 0.5 Semi-hardy 40 to 50
Lettuce (head) Aug. 15 to 31 Great Lakes, Ithaca 10 0.25 to 0.5 Semi-hardy 70 to 85
Mustard Aug. 1 to Sept. 15 Southern Giant Curled, Tendergreen, Savannah 2 0.5 to 1.0 Hardy 30 to 40
Onions (seeds) Sept. 1 to 30 Texas 1015, Granex 33, Candy 4 0.5 to 1.0 Hardy 130 to 150
Onions (sets or plants) Sept. 1 to 15 Ebenezer, Excell, Early Grano 4 Hardy 60 to 80
Radishes Aug. 15 to Sept. 15 Early Scarlet Globe, Cherry Belle, Snowbells, White Icicle 1 0.5 to 1.0 Hardy 25 to 30
Radish, Diakon Aug. 15 to Sept. 15 April Cross, H. N. Cross 4 0.5 to 1.0 Hardy 60 to 75
Rutabagas July 1 to Aug. 1 American Purple Top, Laurentian 4 0.5 to 1.0 Semi-hardy 70 to 80
 Spinach Aug. 1 to 15 Hybrid 7, Dark Green Bloomsdale, Tyee Hybrid 6 0.5 to 1.0 Hardy 50 to 60
Turnips Aug. 1 to 31 Purple Top White Globe, Just Right, Tokyo Cross Hybrid, White Egg, All Top 2 0.5 to 1.0 Hardy 55 to 60

See this blog post from 2012 for more information, including a video on preparing for fall planting, as well as the following links: AG-756, Growing Small Farms. A cool season veggie talk is scheduled on 9/14 at the South Library from 3-4 pm.  It is free but registration is desired. More information on this talk will be provided in another blog post, or contact the South Regional Library at 919-560-7410

Ladies and Gentlemen, Start Your…

Fall Vegetables!

August is the time to sow your fall vegetable seeds and put transplants in the ground. My family has requested kale, spinach, and lettuce this year. There are so many other delicious vegetables that thrive in our fall weather, such as cabbage, collards, beets, broccoli, cauliflower, cucumbers, onions, and radishes. Are you getting hungry for veggies yet? You can find a chart with recommended planting dates and varieties for fall vegetables here.

To begin, clear out previous crops and work your soil. Because August and September are still hot and frequently dry months, make sure you are able to give your garden adequate, regular moisture. NCSU extension recommends planting seeds at a greater depth than suggested for spring sowing. Like our air temperature, the soil is also hotter and drier now than in spring – perhaps too warm and dry for seeds and seedlings. Seeds of some plants such as lettuce, will not germinate in soil that is warmer than 85 degrees. Shading the soil where lettuce has been planted will encourage seed germination.

Insects and diseases tend to be more common in late summer and fall than in spring, as populations have had a chance to increase over the spring and summer. Be sure to check your new plants frequently. You may choose to apply a pesticide if the damage becomes too great. Follow label instructions for your crop.

Keep in mind that the average first frost date in Durham is October 24, plus or minus 10 days. As that date nears, keep an eye on the weather forecast. Your fall vegetables can be covered at night if there is a threat of frost.

For more information: http://www.ces.ncsu.edu/hil/hil-8001.htmlhttp://www.ces.ncsu.edu/depts/hort/hil/ag-06.html

Mark your calendars for a talk about Cool Season Vegetables, August 11, 2013 from 3-4PM at the North Regional Library. Details here